…No word from Jenny McCarthy, the celebrity who started the anti-vaccine craze which, doctors say, led to outbreaks of whooping cough, measles, mumps and bacterial meningitis. “Still they (in the anti-vaccine faction) march on,” said Paul. A. Offit, director of the Vaccine Education Center at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.
Paul Offit was in both the LA Times and Miami Herald on the same day slamming parents who question vaccine safety. I posted five comments. I’m not sure how long they’ll stay up. I’m always amazing the we’re not allowed to consider that vaccines might possibly have side effects.
Leading doctors have urgently called for an end to the use of mercury in vaccines to avoid potential threat to health of children.
“Continuing to use this potentially toxic substance, when there is little justification for it, will erode the trust of the public and endanger many public health initiatives,” warn Jacob Puliyel and Ritika Chhawchharia of the Department of Paediatrics at St Stephens Hospital in New Delhi. Their warning is published as a commentary in the Indian Journal of Medical Ethics.
A nasal spray flu vaccine will be be offered to all children from the age of two to stop the disease spreading.
Credit Victor J. Blue for The New York Times
The investigator for the city schools is investigating the death of a 21-year-old student with autism who choked on a muffin at her school in Brooklyn at lunchtime on Tuesday.
The student, Dyasha Smith, was nonverbal and wore diapers, according to her mother, Catherine Smith, 70, who took Dyasha in as a foster child when she was 3 and later adopted her. She said her daughter was supposed to have full-time supervision on the bus and at her school, Star Academy in Cobble Hill.
She said she had told the school’s staff members that they needed to cut up her daughter’s food, because otherwise she would put too much in her mouth at once. “She will take a handful of something and put it in her throat and swallow it at once,” she said, adding, “She’s like a child, like a baby child.”
After a school safety agent called 911 at 12:11 p.m., paramedics were called to the school, where they found a nurse performing CPR, according to a Fire Department employee who insisted on anonymity because he had not been given permission to speak. It was not clear if anyone performed the Heimlich maneuver. She was declared dead at New York Methodist Hospital.
“If somebody was with this child, they could have been able to save her from choking,” Ms. Smith said, saying that she believed the school staff had been careless.
“This child went to school healthy,” she added.
It is the second time in a little over a year that the special commissioner of investigation for the school system has had to investigate the death of a student with autism. In October 2013, Avonte Oquendo, 14, slipped out an open door at his school in Queens, leading to months of searching.
NPR: Scientists Implicate More Than 100 Genes In Causing Autism
The hunt to find genes that cause autism has been a long slog, one hampered by a lack of technology and families willing to be tested. But those efforts are starting to pay off. On Tuesday, researchers at more than 50 laboratories said they had identified more than 100 genes that are mutated in children with autism, dozens more than were known before. These are mutations that crop up spontaneously, not ones that parents pass down to their children. At least 30 percent of autism cases are caused by these spontaneous mutations, according to researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory…. Because many of the mutations affect the same biological functions, it’s not like hundreds of different treatments would be needed. “If we have better genetic screening when a child is diagnosed with autism we might be able to say, here is the behavioral intervention they need,” Ronemus says. “We already know that if you intervene early on you can produce a more optimal outcome.”
TIME: Major Autism Studies Identify Dozens of Contributing Genes Both studies show through genomic sequencing that many of these mutations are de novo, meaning that parents do not have the gene mutation, but they present spontaneously just before a child is conceived in either the sperm or egg. It’s long been believed that autism is genetic, but a lack of large studies and advanced genomic sequencing has precluded any sort of consensus about what genes might be at play. But in the last couple years, scientists have been able to look at the genetic mutations in hundreds of people with autism and identify genes that likely factor into a child’s development of the disorder. In the two new studies, scientists were able to expand their work and look at thousands of people…. This kind of genetic research has been used to treat all kinds of disorders and diseases, State says, but before now had not been applied to psychiatric disorders.Though other studies have shown the importance of genetics in the development of autism, experts say these new studies zero in on the exact nature of the genetic mutations that cause the disorder…Further studies could determine what environmental factors cause those genes to mutate.
“This is going to begin to give us an opportunity to study the interactions between genes and environment,” State said. “The rate of new mutation increases with age, specifically fathers, because a lot of these mutations are in sperm.”CBS News: Many more genes linked to autismThe genetic cards a child is dealt at birth play an important role in determining their risk of developing autism. Up until now, scientists have only been able to identify nine gene mutations linked to the disorder. But new research finds evidence that the number is in fact much higher.The National Autistic Society said we were still “a long way” from knowing the cause of autism.The study suggested a number of different risk factors for the condition, according to the lead author of the paper Prof Joseph Buxbaum, from Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai New York. “The smoking gun is genetics – but there are quite a lot of different bullets in the gun,” said Prof Buxbaum…. “Up until now we’ve really not been able to understand the mechanisms that lead to autism,” he said. “This [study] is getting down to much finer detail.”… “However, we are still a long way from knowing what causes autism. What people with the condition, their families and carers need most of all, is access now to the right kind of support to be able to lead full lives,” she added.Although genetics have long been thought to influence autism, researchers have struggled to concretely link individual genes with the condition, as many children who develop it have parents who did not.U.S. News & World Report: Discovery of 100-Plus Genes Tied to Autism May Improve Treatments…And researchers say they are on their way to discovering up to 1,000 genes overall that may contribute to the disorder….These discoveries could lead to tools offering more accurate diagnoses and new directions for therapies, they added.The findings also reveal how much more research needs to be done, said David Cutler, an assistant professor of genetics at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta, and a co-author of the study.“These findings tell us that there are a relatively large number of genes that, when damaged, substantially increase an individual’s chance of developing autism,” Cutler said. “Autism does not have one cause, but a very, very large number of potential causes.”He said it has been difficult for researchers to uncover possible genetic and environmental causes of autism primarily because there are so many of them. “It is now beyond doubt that autism is usually caused by the combined effort of many small factors, both genetic and environmental,” he said.The researchers suspect that small changes in up to 1,000 genes interact to contribute to autism. Some of these changes are inherited while others, including most of the gene mutations identified in this study, occur for the first time when the sperm and egg merge.
Two economists who used market theory to study the trend in autism growth, however, have confirmed that at least part of the increase is real.
Researchers Jose Fernandez and Dhaval Dave analyzed the number and wages of auxiliary health providers based on California Department of Developmental Services data from 2002 to 2011. Each time autism cases doubled, the number of autism health providers grew by as much as 14 percent over that of non-autism health providers, they found.
The wages of autism health providers also rose higher, increasing up to 11 percent more.
“We focused on auxiliary providers because, unlike physicians and psychologists who can diagnose autism, these workers cannot induce their own demand,” Fernandez said.
The pair also found that although autism supplanted mental retardation in one of every three diagnoses during the period, actual autism cases still grew from 50 percent to 65 percent.
Fernandez is an economics associate professor
The GlaxoSmithKline vaccinewas designed using a chimpanzee adenovirus vector, a genetically engineered adenovirus that does not infect or reproduce itself in humans, Paul Offit, professor of pediatrics and infectious diseases at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, and developer of rotavirus vaccine RotaTeq, told FoxNews.com. This gene codes for one of the proteins in Ebola that may trigger the virus, and it therefore prompts an immune response in the individual being vaccinated. This immune response is thought to protect the person from contracting the virus….
“Anti-vaxxers continue to perpetuate the autism-link myth “
Of course. How dare they!
“American scientist Jonas Salk came forward with a new idea to eliminate all three strains of polio. He would grow the live virus in a lab and then kill the virus and inject the dead virus into children. Being dead, they could not produce, but would create antibodies against the virus. Thus the immune system would be armed against polio.
“Bernice Eddy was a bacteriologist at the NIH (National Institute of Health) and was told to safety-test the new vaccine. What she found was that the virus in the vaccine was not dead but still alive and able to breed. When she tried it on her monkeys, they were paralyzed. She sent pictures and warned the NIH.
“Several prominent physicians stepped into the fray to state the vaccine was safe. One of these doctors was Dr. Alton Ochsner who was Dr. Mary Sherman’s boss. To demonstrate his faith in the vaccine, Dr. Ochsner inoculated his own grandchildren with it. The mass inoculation proceeded on schedule and within days children fell sick from polio, some crippled, and some died. Ochsner’s grandson died of polio and his granddaughter was crippled with it. The director of the NIH resigned, the Secretary of Health resigned, it was a huge failure by public health.”